prefix is a group of letter at the beginning of a word which changes the word’s meaning.
PREFIX MEANING(S) EXAMPLES anti- opposed or preventing/destroying anti-racist laws, anti-aircraft missile auto- independently or of yourself autopilot, autobiography bi- two bilingual co- with or together co-author, coexist counter- opposing or as a reaction to counterattack, counterculture dis- not or the opposite of dishonest, disagree de- to take something away deforestation hyper- having a lot of or too much of a quality hyperactive, hypersensitive ill- poorly, in an unsuitable way ill-judged, ill-matched il- not illegal, illegible im- not impossible, implausible in- not incorrect, indecisive ir- not irregular, irresponsible inter- between or among international, interlock, intermingle mega- a very large amount or huge mega-rich, megacity micro- very small microchip, microscopic mini- small miniskirt, minuscule mono- one or single monolingual, monotone multi- many multi-talented, multicultural out- 1. more than or better than others 2. far away from 3. beyond a limit or beyond normal outnumber, outdo, outwit outstretch, outlying, outpost outgrow, outstay, outsize over- too much overeat, overpopulated pre- before or earlier than pre-tax profits, pre-school pro- supporting or in favour of pro-democracy, pro-biotic re- again redo, reusable, reforestation sub- 1. under, below or less than 2. lesser or smaller part of a larger whole sub-zero temperatures, subhuman subsection, subculture super- more than usual, extreme of its kind supermodel, super-rich, superbug trans- 1. change one form to another 2. movement from one place to another transform, translate transatlantic flights ultra- extremely ultra-modern, ultra-careful under- 1. not enough 2. below undercooked, underprivileged underpass, underwear Suffixes
suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word which can change the word’s meaning, or its part of speech, or both. This list contains only those suffixes with special meanings.
SUFFIX MEANING EXAMPLES -aholic -oholic who is addicted to workaholic, chocoholic -able -ible can do avoidable, edible -centric focussed exclusively on egocentric, Eurocentric -ed having this thing aged, beard -ee who something is done to employee, interviewee -en become or make become thicken, fatten -er -or who or what does this coordinator, timer -hood state of being and period of time childhood, motherhood -ish 1. slightly 2. in the way of 3. approximately greyish, smallish childish, devilish fiftyish -ise -ize to make become modernise / modernize -less without homeless, thoughtless -like similar to childlike, lifelike -ly 1. every time 2. in the way of or similar to daily, monthly motherly, cowardly -ology the study of psychology, sociology -phile who likes, loves or is obsessed with technophile, Francophile, bibliophile -phobe who fears technophobe -phobia fear of xenophobia, claustrophobia -proof protecting against or not damaged by bulletproof, tamper-proof -ship 1. involvement between people or things 2. skill, quality friendship, ownership sportsmanship -ward in the direction of backward, Northward -wards in the direction of inwards, homewards -y having a lot of (often negative) noisy, dirty, smelly