Appendix 2 – Prefixes & suffixes Copy

Prefixes

A prefix is a group of letter at the beginning of a word which changes the word’s meaning.

PREFIXMEANING(S)EXAMPLES
anti-opposed or preventing/destroyinganti-racist laws, anti-aircraft missile
auto-independently or of yourselfautopilot, autobiography
bi-twobilingual
co-with or togetherco-author, coexist
counter-opposing or as a reaction tocounterattack, counterculture
dis-not or the opposite ofdishonest, disagree
de-to take something awaydeforestation
hyper-having a lot of or too much of a qualityhyperactive, hypersensitive
ill-poorly, in an unsuitable wayill-judged, ill-matched
il-notillegal, illegible
im-notimpossible, implausible
in-notincorrect, indecisive
ir-notirregular, irresponsible
inter-between or amonginternational, interlock, intermingle
mega-a very large amount or hugemega-rich, megacity
micro-very smallmicrochip, microscopic
mini-smallminiskirt, minuscule
mono-one or singlemonolingual, monotone
multi-manymulti-talented, multicultural
out-1. more than or better than others
2. far away from
3. beyond a limit or beyond normal
outnumber, outdo, outwit
outstretch, outlying, outpost
outgrow, outstay, outsize
over-too muchovereat, overpopulated
pre-before or earlier thanpre-tax profits, pre-school
pro-supporting or in favour ofpro-democracy, pro-biotic
re-againredo, reusable, reforestation
sub-1. under, below or less than
2. lesser or smaller part of a larger whole
sub-zero temperatures, subhuman
subsection, subculture
super-more than usual, extreme of its kindsupermodel, super-rich, superbug
trans-1. change one form to another
2. movement from one place to another
transform, translate
transatlantic flights
ultra-extremelyultra-modern, ultra-careful
under-1. not enough
2. below
undercooked, underprivileged
underpass, underwear

Suffixes

A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word which can change the word’s meaning, or its part of speech, or both. This list contains only those suffixes with special meanings.

SUFFIXMEANINGEXAMPLES
-aholic
-oholic
who is addicted toworkaholic, chocoholic
-able
-ible
can doavoidable, edible
-centricfocussed exclusively onegocentric, Eurocentric
-edhaving this thingaged, beard
-eewho something is done toemployee, interviewee
-enbecome or make becomethicken, fatten
-er
-or
who or what does thiscoordinator, timer
-hoodstate of being and period of timechildhood, motherhood
-ish1. slightly
2. in the way of
3. approximately
greyish, smallish
childish, devilish
fiftyish
-ise
-ize
to make becomemodernise / modernize
-lesswithouthomeless, thoughtless
-likesimilar tochildlike, lifelike
-ly1. every time
2. in the way of or similar to
daily, monthly
motherly, cowardly
-ologythe study ofpsychology, sociology
-philewho likes, loves or is obsessed withtechnophile, Francophile, bibliophile
-phobewho fearstechnophobe
-phobiafear ofxenophobia, claustrophobia
-proofprotecting against or not damaged bybulletproof, tamper-proof
-ship1. involvement between people or things
2. skill, quality
friendship, ownership
sportsmanship
-wardin the direction ofbackward, Northward
-wardsin the direction ofinwards, homewards
-yhaving a lot of (often negative)noisy, dirty, smelly
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