1. “Pizza for dinner” /i:/ and /ɪ/
/i:/ A piece of p
izza, pl ease.
inner in the k itchen.
2. “A spoonful of sugar” /u:/ and /ʊ/
/u:/ Work in gr
/ʊ/ Who’s that w
3. “Father and mother” /ɑ:/ and /ʌ/
/ɑ:/ We went to a l
arge b ar full of film st ars.
/ʌ/ My br
other’s st udying in L ondon.
4. “A dog in the corner” /ɒ/ and /ɔ:/
/ɒ/ She said the c
offee w asn’t very good, but I thought it w as.
/ɔ:/ the f
ourth d oor on the f ourth fl oor.
5. “Bread and jam” /e/ and /æ/
end me a ch eque.
/æ/ Where’s my bl
ack j acket?
6. “My birthday’s on Thursday” /ɜ:/
/ɜ:/ That was the w
orst j ourney in the w orld!
7. “Here and there” /ɪə/ and /eə/
/ɪə/ Is there a bank n
ear h ere?
/eə/ Up th
ere, in the air, of course!
8. “Have a great time” /eɪ/, /aɪ/ and /ɔɪ/
ait at the g ate – I’ll be there at eight.
/aɪ/ Do you l
ike dr y w ine?
/aɪ/ Those are c
oins, not t oys!
9. “Old Town” /əʊ/ and /aʊ/
/əʊ/ They sh
owed us their h ome.
/aʊ/ A th
ousand p ounds.
10. “Pack your bags” /p/ and /b/
/p/ A chea
p tri p round Euro pe.
better to bake your own bread than to buy it.
11. “Twenty days” /t/ and /d/
Turn on the ligh t.
/d/ The en
d of the roa d.
12. “Cats and dogs” /k/ and /g/
Keep your keys in your po cket.
/g/ Can you
guess the be ginning of the dialo gue?
13. “November the first” /f/ and /v/
/f/ When I asked
for her autogra ph she just lau ghed.
phen lives in a village.
14. “Both together” /θ/ and /ð/
third is thirty- three per cent, isn’t it?
the o thers, over there.
15. “It’s the wrong size, isn’t it?” /s/ and /z/
science le ssons were the mo st intere sting.
se s are my favourite flower s.
16. “Fresh fish, usually” /ʃ/ and /ʒ/
/ʃ/ This is a very spe
cial pronuncia tion ma chine.
/ʒ/ Yes … but only on televi
sion, u sually!
17. “Chips and juice” /ʧ/ and /ʤ/
/ʧ/ The pic
ture in the ki tchen us by a Czech artist.
ges are a bri dge between people.
18. “My hungry uncle” /m/, /n/ and /ŋ/
/m/ In the
middle of the fil m.
/n/ A su
nny after noo n.
/ŋ/ A lo
ng eveni ng si ngi ng so ngs.
19. “How many hours?” /h/
had a whole month’s holiday?
20. “That’s life!” /l/
Look at those love ly litt le ye llow f lowers.
21. “What terrible weather” /r/
really so rry – your room isn’t ready.
22. “What’s the news?” /w/ and /j/
Where will you be waiting?
usually walk to work but I used the car yesterday.
/s/ at the beginning of words sp: How do you spell it? st: Where shall I stand? sw: Can you swim? str (1): I’m a stranger here. str (2): A job with a lot of stress.
Words with -s endings: /s/ , /z/ , /iz/
There are three different ways of pronouncing the ending: /s/ , /z/ or /iz/.
Plurals: weeks, eggs, wages. Present simple: drinks, wins, watches. Possessive: Mark’s, Tom’s, Rose’s. is / has contractions: it’s, he’s.
We pronounce -s endings as /iz/ when the original word ends with one of the sounds below:
/s/ Chris’s kisses /ʃ/ Trish’s wishes /z/ Rose’s roses /tʃ/ The witch’s watches /dʒ/ George’s fridges
All other -s endings are pronounced /s/ or /z/. If the original word ends with one of the consonant sounds /f, k, p, t, θ/, the -s ending is pronounced /s/. Otherwise, it is pronounced /z/.
/s/: shops, photographs, parks, chemist’s, months. /z/: bags, grocer’s, optician’s, credit cards, clothes.
Words with -ed endings
The past tense ending
-ed is pronounced in three different ways.
/ɪd/ – we pronounce
-ed endings as /ɪd/ when the original verb ends with /d/ or /t:
/t/ – if the original word ends with one of the consonant sounds /f, k, p, s, ʃ, tʃ, θ/, the
-ed ending is pronounced /t/.
/d/ – the
-ed ending is pronounced /d/ when the original word ends with one different consonant sound from /f, k, p, s, ʃ, tʃ, θ/.